Safar is the second month of the Islamic calendar.The month of Safar comes after Muharram, the first month of the Islamic calendar.
Literal meaning of Safar is Empty.
The Arabs were warring nations. Small disputes would easily turn into wars that will last for years and years and some times were inherited by generations to come. They usually did not fight during the four sacred months even in the days of Jahiliyya (Pre Islamic Ignorance).
The sacred or war free months were Muharram (1st month of the Islamic Calendar), Rajab (7th month of the Islamic Calendar), Dhul Qa’dah (11th month of the Islamic Calendar) and Dhul Hijjah (12th month of the Islamic Calendar).
Right in the beginning of the month of Safar, houses used to become empty because the ban on fighting and traveling during three consecutive months – Dhul Hijjah, Dhul Qa’dah and Muharram came to an end, and everyone proceeded to settle scores with their rivals. Most houses in most villages were emptied.
In this month people of Makkah also traveled after the customary ban during the sacred months of Muharram, and the two sacred months preceding it was over; emptying their villages or habitations. These travels were either related to trading or battles, both of which were banned during the sacred months.
Going out to fight their enemies and leaving them empty handed after taking away their possessions, may have been another reason for the name Safar (Sifran min al-mata’) – i.e., they would leave their enemies’ coiffeurs empty and take all their belongings away. (Lisan al-‘Arab)
The Holy Qur-an has provided clear guidelines about such superstitions:
Islam does not have any room for superstitious beliefs. Muslims should not believe in any inauspicious days, weeks, months or years, there are no people, houses or things that bring bad luck.
The Messenger of Allah, Muhammad S also condemned these in the following Ahadith (Sayings of Muhammad S), especially related to the month of Safar.
The above mentioned Ahadith (Sayings of Muhammad S) clearly refutes all incorrect beliefs and superstitions regarding the month of Safar, which were dominant in the days of Jahiliyya (Pre Islamic Ignorance).
During the Jahiliyya (Pre Islamic Ignorance), the Arabs had a number of superstitions for the month of Safar. The Messenger of Allah, Muhammad S, demolished all incorrect and superstitious beliefs of pre-Islamic times, bringing Islam.
Though Islam is free from all superstitions, some Muslims still hold many incorrect beliefs about the month of Safar.
Muslims must shun all superstitious beliefs regarding the month of Safar. They must understand that misfortune will only overtake those who disobey Allah (God) and His last Messenger, Muhammad S.
Any Muslim who does not live by the Commands of Allah, who does not offer the five daily Salah (Prayers), does not care for observing Sawm (Fasting), does not pay Zakah (Poor Due Charity), refuses to go for Hajj (Pilgrimage to the Ka’bah), and does not live life according to the Islamic values as taught by the Messenger of Allah, Muhammad S, will definitely is the most unfortunate person in the whole world.
We must continuously keep reminding ourselves that anything good or bad, favorable, or unfavorable comes only from Allah (God).
Jabir R narrated that, “I have heard Rasul of Allah S saying, the descending of illness and evil superstition befalling in the month of Safar is untrue.” (Muslim)
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